Typed messages are the primary component of most online communication—e-mail, online chat, postings on bulletin boards and Usenet newsgroups, and the like. One problem with typed messages (as opposed to face-to-face conversations or videoconferencing) is that people cannot hear inflections or tones of voice and cannot see gestures, facial expressions, or body language. As a result, the emotional content of messages can be lost or misconstrued. Consider, for example, the message "You're going to John's party." Depending on inflections, tone of voice, and other factors, this message might mean
"I can't believe that you, of all people, are going to John's party,"
Enter the smiley. A smiley, also known as an emoticon, is a series of keystrokes used to represent a facial expression. The basic smiley, which indicates a good mood or a statement meant to be taken humorously, consists of a colon, a hyphen, and a right paren, as follows:
: - )
Smileys are generally used for clarification or emphasis following typed statements. They can also be used in lieu of typed statements. For example, instead of making a comment during an online conversation, one might just give a knowing wink:
; - )
Other commonly used smileys and their meanings are as follows:
Other ways of expressing one's emotions online include setting off words with more-than and less-than signs, as in
Materials posted on this site are copyrighted by Paradigm Publishing Inc. Permission is granted by the publisher to adopters of the text product that this electronic material accompanies to reproduce portions of these materials, and to adapt them as needed for educational use at a single location.
|© 2018 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.|