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Signature Series : Signature Word 2007 : Library : Acronyms

Acronyms

1GL first-generation (programming) language
2GL second-generation (programming) language
3GL third-generation (programming) language
4GL fourth-generation (programming) language
AC alternating current
ACH automated clearinghouse
ADC analog-to-digital converter
AFK away from keyboard
AGP bus Accelerated Graphics Port bus
AI artificial intelligence
Ajax Asynchronous JavaScript and XML
ALU arithmetic/logic unit
AOL America Online
ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASP application service provider
ATA analog telephone adapter
ATM automated teller machine
AUP acceptable use policy
B2B business-to-business
B2C business-to-consumer
BASIC Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BBS bulletin board system
BCPL Basic Combined Programming Language
BI business intelligence
BINAC Binary Automatic Computer
BIOS basic input/output system
bit binary digit
BMP bitmap
BPL Broadband over Powerline
bps bits per second
BSA Business Software Alliance
CAD computer-aided design
CAM computer-aided manufacturing
CAN-SPAM Act Controlling the Assault of Non-solicited Pornography and Marketing Act
CASE computer-aided software engineering
CAVE computer automatic virtual environment
CCD charge-coupled device
CCDA Cisco Certified Design Associate
CCIP Cisco Certified Internetworking Professional
CCNA Cisco Certified Network Associate
CCSP Cisco Certified Security Professional
CD compact disc
CD-R compact disc–recordable
CD-RW compact disc–rewritable
CERN Centre Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire
CF CompactFlash
CFR computerized facial recognition
CG FX computer graphic special effects
CGI script Common Gateway Interface script
CIM computer-integrated manufacturing
CIPA Children’s Internet Protection Act
CIS computer information systems
CNA Certified Novell Administrator
CNE Certified Novell Engineer
COBOL COmmon Business-Oriented Language
COM Component Object Model
CompTIA Computing Technology Industry Association
COPPA Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998
CP/M Control Program for Microcomputers
cps characters per second
CPU central processing unit
CRM customer relationship management
CRT cathode ray tube
CTP Convergence Technologies Professional
DBA database administrator
DBMS database management system
DBS direct broadcast satellite
DC direct current
DDR SDRAM Double Data Rate Synchronous Dynamic random access memory
DDR3 SDRAM third generation Double Data Rate Synchronous Dynamic random access memory
DES Data Encryption Standard
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DHTML Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language
DLP digital light processing
DMCA Digital Millennium Copyright Act
DMD digital micromirror device
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DOM document object model
DoS attack denial of service attack
DOS disk operating system
dpi dots per inch
DRAM Dynamic random access memory
DSL digital subscriber line
DSS decision support system
DTP desktop publishing
DVD digital versatile (or video) disc
DVD-R digital versatile disc–recordable
DVD-ROM digital versatile disc–read-only memory
DVD-RW digital versatile disc–rewriteable
DVR digital video recorder
DWDM dense wave division multiplexing
EBCDIC Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EDI electronic data interchange
EDP electronic data processing
EFT electronic funds transfer
ENIAC Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
EOUSA Executive Office for United States Attorneys
EPS encapsulated PostScript
ESA Entertainment Software Association
ESN Enhanced Security Network
ESS executive support system
EUCD European Union Copyright Directive
FAA Federal Aviation Administration
FAT file file allocation table file
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
FCC Federal Communications Commission
FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FEDI financial electronic data interchange
FISMA Federal Information Security Management Act
FMD fluorescent multi-layer disc
FORTRAN FORmula TRANslator
FPGA field programmable gate array
FTC Federal Trade Commission
FTP File Transfer Protocol
Gbps gigabit per second
GIF graphics interchange format
GIGO garbage in, garbage out
GPS Global Positioning System
GUI graphical user interface
GUID Global Unique Identifier
HD-DMD High Definition Digital Multilayer Disc
HDTV high-definition television
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HTML Hypertext Markup Language
HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol
ICANN Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
IDSA Interactive Digital Software Association
IDVL Informedia Digital Video Library
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
IIS Internet Information Services
IM instant messaging
IMAP Internet message access protocol
IOS International Organization for Standardization
IP intellectual property
IP Internet Protocol
IRC Internet relay chat
IRS Internal Revenue Service
IS information system
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISP Internet service provider
IT information technology
JIT just-in-time
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group
JVM Java Virtual Machine
Kbps kilobit per second
LAN local area network
LCD liquid crystal display
LD link death; your Internet connection failed
M2M machine-to-machine
MAN metropolitan area network
Mbps megabit per second
MCAD Microsoft Certified Applications Developer
MCDBA Microsoft Certified Database Administrator
MCP Microsoft Certified Professional
MCSA Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator
MCSD Microsoft Certified Solution Developer
MCSE Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer
MFD multifunction device
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIS management information system
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MMC MultiMediaCard
MMO massively multiplayer online
MMORPG massively multiplayer online role-playing games
MOS Microsoft Office Specialist
MP3 Moving Pictures Expert Group Layer III
MPEG Moving Picture Experts Group
MSN Microsoft Network
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NET Act No Electronic Theft Act
NFB National Federation of the Blind
NIC network interface card
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NLP natural-language processing
NOS network operating system
NRAM nonvolatile random access memory
NSA National Security Agency
NSF National Science Foundation
NSFnet National Science Foundation Network
NTSC National Television System Committee
OCAD Oracle Certified Application Developer
OCDBA Oracle Certified Database Administrator
OCR optical character recognition
OIS office information system
OLAP online analytical processing
OLE object linking and embedding
OLTP online transactional processing
OOP object-oriented programming
OPA Online Privacy Alliance
OS operating system
OSI model Open System Interconnection model
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
P2P peer-to-peer
P3P Platform for Privacy Preference
PAN public access network
PARC Palo Alto Research Center
Pbps petabit per second
PC personal computer
PCI bus Peripheral Component Interconnect bus
PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDA personal digital assistant
PDF portable document file
perl practical extraction and report language
PGP pretty good privacy
PIM Personal Information Manager
PIN personal identification number
PLC programmable logic controller
PNG Portable Network Graphics
POD print-on-demand
POP Post Office Protocol
POST chip power-on self test chip
POST power-on self test
ppm pages per minute
PPTP Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
PvP player versus player; an area that allows players to harm one another
QA quality assurance
QBE Query by Example
QDOS quick-and-dirty operating system
RAD rapid application development
RAM random access memory
RDRAM rambus DRAM
RF radio frequency
RFID radio frequency identification
RFP request for proposal
RISC reduced instruction set computing
RL real life
ROM read-only memory
RPG Report Program Generator
RSA Rivest, Shamir, and Adleman
SCSI small computer system interface
SD Secure Digital
SDLC software development life cycle
SDRAM Synchronous Dynamic random access memory
S-HTTP Secure HTTP
SIM subscriber information module
SLDRAM SyncLink DRAM
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNA Systems Network Architecture
SOP standard operating procedure
SPA Software Publishers Association
SQC statistical quality control
SQL Structured Query Language
SRAM Static random access memory
SSL Secure Sockets Layer
SSO single sign-on
Tbps terabit per second
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TCPA Telephone Consumer Protection Act
TFT thin-film transistor
TIA Telecommunications Industry Association
TIFF tag image file format
TLS Transport Layer Security
TOS trusted operating system
UAC User Access Control
UDDI universal description, discovery, and integration
UNIVAC Universal Automatic Computer
UPC Universal Product Code
UPS uninterruptible power supply
UPS United Parcel Service
URL Uniform (or Universal) Resource Locator
USA PATRIOT Act Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act
USB Universal Serial Bus
VAN value added network
VB Visual Basic
VCR video cassette recorder
VMS variable message signs
VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol
VPN virtual private network
VR virtual reality
W3C World Wide Web Consortium
WAN wide area network
WAP Wireless Application Protocol
WEP Wired Equivalent Privacy
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WLAN wireless local area network
WML Wireless Markup Language
WORM write once, read many
WoW World of Warcraft
WSP wireless service provider
WWW World Wide Web, or Web
WYSIWYG what you see is what you get
XHTML Extensible Hypertext Markup Language
XML Extensible Markup Language


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