The appearance of a document on the document screen and how it looks when printed is called the format.
The top row in the Font group in the Home tab contains buttons for changing the font and font size. The bottom row contains buttons for applying typestyles and effects.
A font consists of three elements: typeface, type size, and typestyle.
A typeface (font) is a set of characters with a common design and shape. Typefaces are either monospaced, allotting the same amount of horizontal space to each character, or proportional, allotting a varying amount of space for each character. Proportional typefaces are divided into two main categories: serif and sans serif.
Type size is measured in point size — the higher the point size, the larger the characters.
A typestyle is a variation of style within a certain typeface. You can apply typestyle formatting with buttons in the Font group.
With buttons in the Font group, you can apply font effects such as superscript, subscript, and strikethrough.
Some buttons in the Font group have corresponding keyboard shortcuts. Refer to Table 2.2 for a list of these shortcuts.
The Mini toolbar automatically displays above selected text. Use buttons on this toolbar to apply formatting to selected text. Turn off the Mini toolbar by removing the check mark from the Show Mini Toolbar on selection option in the Word Options dialog box with the Popular option selected.
With options at the Font dialog box, you can change the font, font size, and font style and apply specific effects. Display this dialog box by clicking the Font group dialog box launcher.
Click the Show/Hide ¶ button in the Paragraph group in the Home tab or press Ctrl + Shift + * to turn on the display of nonprinting characters. With the display of nonprinting characters turned on, hidden text will display with a dotted underline in the document.
A Word document contains a number of predesigned formats grouped into style sets called Quick Styles. Change to a different Quick Styles set by clicking the Change Styles button in the Styles group in the Home tab, pointing to Style Set, and then clicking the desired set.
Word provides a number of themes, which are a set of formatting choices that include a color theme (a set of colors), a font theme (a set of heading and body text fonts), and an effects theme (a set of lines and fill effects). Apply a theme and change theme colors, fonts, and effects with buttons in the Themes group in the Page Layout tab.
Adjust character spacing and turn on kerning with options at the Font dialog box with the Character Spacing tab selected.
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