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College Resource Center : Health Careers : Readings in Subject Area : Measures and Conversions

Measures and Conversions

Measures and Conversions

Metric
Volume
1 liter = 1000 milliliters
1 milliliter = 1 cubic centimeter
Weight
1 gram = 1000 milligrams
1 milligram = 1000 micrograms

Household
Volume
1 gallon = 4 quarts
1 quart = 2 pints
1 pint = 2 cups = 16 fluid ounces
1 fluid ounce = 2 tablespoonsful = 6 teaspoonsful
Weight
1 pound = 16 ounces
Length
1 yard = 3 feet
1 foot = 12 inches

Conversions

  Household Apothecary Metric
Volume 1 quart = 32 fluid ounces   0.96 liter
  1 pint = 16 fluid ounces   480 milliliters *
  1 cup = 8 fluid ounces   240 milliliters
  2 tablespoonsful = 1 fluid ounce 6 fluidrams = 1 fluidounce 30 milliliters *
  1 tablespoonful 3 fluidrams 15 milliliters
  1 teaspoonful 1 fluidram 5 milliliters **
    1 minim 0.0625 milliliters
Weight 2.2 pounds   1 kilogram
  1 pound   454 grams
  1 ounce 8 drams 30 grams
Length 1 inch   2.5 centimeters

* There are actually less than 30 milliliters in 1 fluid ounce, but 30 milliliters is usually used. When packaging a pint, companies will typically present 473 milliliters, rather than the full 480 milliliters, thus saving money over time.

** There are actually 3.75 mL in an apothecary fluidram. However, convention dictates that 1 fluidram = 5 mL = 1 teaspoonful.



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