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College Resource Center : Health Careers : Readings in Subject Area : Abbreviations


ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACh acetylcholine
ACLS advanced cardiac life support
ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone
ADA American Dental Association
ADD attention-deficit disorder
ADH antidiuretic hormone
ADHD attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADP adenosine diphosphate
ADR adverse drug reaction
AHA American Heart Association
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
AMA American Medical Association
AMD age-related macular degeneration
ANS autonomic nervous system
APhA American Pharmaceutical Association
ATP adenosine triphosphate
AV atrioventricular
BP blood pressure
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia or hypertrophy
BUN blood urea nitrogen
cAMP cyclic adenosine monophosphate
CBC complete blood count; complete blood [cell] count
CCU coronary care unit
CDC Centers for Disease Control
cDNA complementary DNA
CF cystic fibrosis
CHF congestive heart failure
CMV cytomegalovirus
CNS central nervous system
CO cardiac output
COMT catechol-o-methyl transferase
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COX-1 cyclooxygenase-1
COX-2 cyclooxygenase-2
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRF corticotrophin-releasing factor
CSF colony-stimulating factors
CTCL cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
CTZ chemotrigger zone
CV cardiovascular
CVA cardiovascular accident
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
DMARD disease-modifying antirheumatic drug
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DOC drug of choice
DTs delirium tremens
DVT deep vein thrombosis
ECG electrocardiographic
ECT electroconvulsive therapy
EEG electroencephalographic
EPS extrapyramidal symptoms
EPSE extrapyramidal side effect
ERT estrogen replacement therapy
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD end-stage renal disease
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid
G-CSF granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GH growth hormone
GHRF growth hormone releasing factor
GI gastrointestinal
GM-CSF granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
GMP good manufacturing practice
GRF gonadotrophic-releasing factor
hBNP human B-type natriuretic peptide
HCG human chorionic gonadotropin
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HPA hypothalamus/pituitary/adrenal [axis]
HRT hormone replacement therapy
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
IBW ideal body weight
ICU intensive care unit
Ig immunoglobulin
IgE immunoglobulin E
IgG immunoglobulin G
IL-2 interleukin-2
INH isoniazid
INR International Normalized Ratio
ISA intrinsic sympathomimetic activity
IVIG intravenous immune globulin
KS Kaposi’s sarcoma
LAK lyphokine-activated killer
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LH luteinizing hormone
LSD lysergic acid diethylamide
MAb monoclonal antibody
MAOI monoamine oxidase inhibitor
MCA monoclonal antibody
mcg microgram
MDI metered dose inhaler
MHC major histocompatability complex
MI myocardial infarction
MS multiple sclerosis
MVI multiple vitamin complex
NDA New Drug Application
NGU nongonococcal urethritis
NK natural killer
NNRTI non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NREM nonrapid eye movement
NRTI nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NtRTI nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor
OC oral contraceptive
OCD obsessive-compulsive disorder
OR operating room
OTC over-the-counter
PABA para-aminobenzoic acid
PAF prostatic antibacterial factor
PCA patient-controlled analgesia
PCBs polychlorinated biphenyls
PE pulmonary embolism
PEFR peak expiratory flow rate
PEP post-exposure prophylaxis
PG prostaglandin
pH acid-base balance
PI protease inhibitor
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PMDD premenstrual dysphoric disorder
PMS premenstrual syndrome
PNS peripheral nervous system
PO peroral, by mouth
PPD purified protein derivative
PT prothrombin time
PTCB Pharmacy Technician Certification Board
PTT partial thromboplastin time
PTU propylthiouracil
PUD peptic ulcer disease
PVC premature ventricular contraction
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RBC red blood cell; red blood [cell] count
RDA recommended daily allowance
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
REM rapid eye movement
RF rheumatoid factor
RIND reversible ischemic neurologic deficit
RNA ribonucleic acid
RSV respiratory syncytial virus
RTH ready-to-hang
SA sinoatrial
SNS sympathetic nervous system
SR sustained release
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
STD sexually transmitted disease
T1/2 half-life
TB tuberculosis
TCA tricyclic antidepressant
TCR T-cell receptor
TIA transient ischemia attack
TNA total nutrient admixture
TNF tumor necrosis factor
tPA tissue plasminogen activator
TPN total parenteral nutrition
TPR total peripheral resistance
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
USAN United States Adopted Name
VHF viral hemorrhagic fever
VLDL very-low-density lipoprotein
WBC white blood cell; white blood [cell] count

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