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College Resource Center : Health Careers : Readings in Subject Area : Most Commonly Prescribed Drugs

Most Commonly Prescribed Drugs

Brand-first listing

Most Commonly Prescribed Drugs

Sorted by Brand Names
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Brand Name Table Reference Generic Name Pronunciation Category
Accupril 12.4 quinapril KWIN-a-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator
Aciphex 10.1 rabeprazole ra-BE-pray-zole gastric acid pump inhibitor, antiulcer agent
Actiq 6.2 fentanyl FEN-ta-nil analgesic, anesthesia adjunct
Actonel 14.10 risedronate ris-ED-roe-nate bone resorption inhibitor
Actos 14.17 pioglitazone pye-oh-GLI-ta-zone antidiabetic
Adderall 8.9 dextroamphetamine-amphetamine dex-troe-am-FET-a-meen am-FET-a-meen CNS stimulant, ADHD therapy
Advair Diskus 9.2 fluticasone-salmeterol floo-TIK-a-sone sal-ME-te-role antiasthmatic, inhalation anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator
Advil 13.4 ibuprofen eye-byoo-PROE-fen analgesic
Aldactone 11.7 spironolactone speer-on-oh-LAK-tone aldosterone antagonist, antihypertensive, antihypokalemic, primary hyperaldosteronism diagnostic aid, diuretic
Aleve 13.4 naproxen na-PROX-en analgesic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory, antidysmenorrheal, antigout agent, antipyretic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory antirheumatic, vascular headache prophylactic, vascular headache suppressant
Allegra 9.10 fexofenadine fex-o-FEN-a-deen antihistaminic, H1 receptor
Allegra-D 9.8 fexofenadine-pseudoephedrine fex-o-FEN-a-deen soo-doe-e-FED-rin antihistaminic, H1 receptor–decongestant
Alphagan P 15.11 brimonidine bri-MOE-ni-deen antiglaucoma agent
Altace 12.4 ramipril RA-mi-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator
Amaryl 14.17 glimepiride GLYE-me-pye-ride antidiabetic
Ambien 7.10 zolpidem ZOLE-pi-dem sedative hypnotic
Antivert 7.8, 9.10, 10.7 meclizine MEK-li-zeen antiemetic, antivertigo agent
Aricept 8.12 donepezil don-EH-pa-zil dementia symptoms treatment adjunct
Atacand 12.10 candesartan kan-de-SAR-tan antihypertensive
Ativan 6.2, 7.9, 7.10, 8.1 lorazepam lor-AZ-e-pam amnestic, antianxiety agent, anticonvulsant, antiemetic, antipanic agent, antitremor agent, sedative-hypnotic, skeletal muscle relaxant
Atrovent 9.2 ipratropium i-pra-TROE-pee-um antiasmatic
Augmentin 4.4, 11.4 amoxicillin-clavulanate a-mox-i-SIL-in klav-yoo-LAN-ate systemic antibacterial
Avalide 12.10 irbesartan-hydrochlorothiazide ir-be-SAR-tan hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive, diuretic
Avandia 14.17 rosiglitazone ROS-e-glit-a-zone antidiabetic
Avapro 12.10 irbesartan ir-be-SAR-tan antihypertensive
Avelox 4.10 moxifloxacin mox-i-FLOX-a-sin systemic antibacterial
Azmacort 9.2, 14.13 triamcinolone trye-am-SIN-oh-lone inhalation anti-inflammatory, antiasthmatic
Bactrim 4.2, 10.12, 11.4 sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim sul-fa-meth-OX-a-zole trye-METH-oh-prim systemic antibacterial, antiprotozoal
Bactroban 15.4 mupirocin myoo-PEER-oh-sin topical antibacterial
Bextra 13.4 valdecoxib val-de-KOX-ib nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory antirheumatic, antidysmenorrheal
Biaxin 4.8, 10.3 clarithromycin kla-RITH-roe-mye-sin systemic antibacterial, antimycobacterial
Blocadren 12.5 timolol TYE-moe-lole antiadrenergic, antianginal, antianxiety therapy adjunct, antiarrhythmic, systemic antiglaucoma agent, antihypertensive, antitremor agent, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, myocardial infarction prophylactic, pheochromocytoma therapy adjunct, thyrotoxicosis therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic
Calan 12.2, 12.6 verapamil ver-AP-a-mil antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic
Cardizem 12.2, 12.6, 17.10 diltiazem dil-TYE-a-zem antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive
Catapres 8.9, 12.10 clonidine KLON-i-deen antihypertensive
Cefzil 4.5 cefprozil sef-PROE-zil systemic antibacterial
Celebrex 13.4 celecoxib sel-a-KOX-ib analgesic, antirheumatic NSAID
Celexa 7.1 citalopram sye-TAL-oh-pram antidepressant
Ciloxan 4.10, 15.10 ciprofloxacin sip-roe-FLOX-a-sin ophthalmic antibacterial
Cipro 4.10, 9.5, 11.4, 15.10 ciprofloxacin sip-roe-FLOX-a-sin systemic antibacterial
Clarinex 9.10 desloratadine des-LOR-at-a-deen antihistaminic, H1 receptor
Combivent 9.2 ipratropium-albuterol i-pra-TROE-pee-um al-BYOO-ter-ole antiasmatic- bronchodilator
Concerta 8.9 methylphenidate meth-il-FEN-i-date CNS stimulant, ADHD therapy
Coreg 12.5 carvedilol KAR-ve-dil-ole antihypertensive
Cotrim 4.2, 10.12, 11.4 sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim sul-fa-meth-OX-a-zole trye-METH-oh-prim systemic antibacterial, antiprotozoal
Coumadin 12.11 warfarin WAR-far-in anticoagulant
Covera HS 12.2, 12.6 verapamil ver-AP-a-mil antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic
Cozaar 12.10 losartan loe-SAR-tan angiotensin II–receptor antagonist, antihypertensive
Cyclessa 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–desogestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole des-oh-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, gonadotropin inhibitor
Darvocet-N 100 6.9 propoxyphene-acetaminophen proe-POX-i-feen a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic
Deltasone 9.2, 14.13 prednisone PRED-ni-sone steroidal inflammatory, cancer chemotherapy antiemetic, corticosteroid, immunosuppressant
Depakote 7.6, 8.1 divalproex dye-VAL-pro-ex anticonvulsant, antimanic, migraine headache prophylactic
Desogen 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–desogestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole des-oh-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, gonadotropin inhibitor
Desyrel 7.5 trazodone TRAZ-oh-done antidepressant, antineuralgic
Detrol 11.3 tolterodine TOLE-tear-oh-deen urinary bladder antispasmodic
DiaBeta 14.17 glyburide GLYE-byoo-ride antidiabetic
Diflucan 5.2, 14.11 fluconazole floo-KOE-na-zole systemic antifungal
Dilacor 12.2, 12.6 diltiazem dil-TYE-a-zem antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive
Dilantin 8.1, 12.2 phenytoin FEN-i-toyn antiarrhythmic, anticonvulsant, trigeminal neuralgic antineuralgic, skeletal muscle relaxant
Diovan 12.10 valsartan val-SAR-tan antihypertensive
Diovan HCT 12.10 valsartan-hydrochlorothiazide val-SAR-tan hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive
Ditropan 11.3 oxybutynin ox-i-BYOO-ti-nin urinary tract antispasmodic
Duraclon 12.10 clonidine KLON-i-deen antihypertensive
Duragesic 6.2 fentanyl FEN-ta-nil analgesic
Dyazide 11.7 triamterene-hydrochlorothiazide trye-AM-ter-een hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive, antihypokalemic, diuretic
Effexor 7.1, 7.9 venlafaxine ven-la-FAX-een antidepressant, antianxiety agent
Elavil 7.2 amitriptyline a-mee-TRIP-ti-leen antidepressant
Elidel 15.3 pimecrolimus pim-e-KROW-li-mus immunomodulator
Endocet 6.9 oxycodone-acetaminophen ox-i-KOE-done a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic
Enjuvia 14.5 conjugated estrogen CON-ju-gate-ed ES-troe-jen antineoplastic, systemic estrogen, osteoporosis prophylactic, ovarian hormone therapy agent
Esidrix 11.7 hydrochlorothiazide hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive, diuretic, antiurolithic
Estrostep Fe 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–norethindrone ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-eth-IN-drone antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Evista 14.10 raloxifene ral-OX-i-feen selective estrogen receptor modulator, osteoporosis prophylactic
Femhrt 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–norethindrone ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-eth-IN-drone antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Flexeril 13.1 cyclobenzaprine sye-kloe-BEN-za-preen skeletal muscle relaxant
Flomax 11.6 tamsulosin tam-SOO-loh-sin benign prostatic hyperplasia therapy agent
Flonase 9.2 fluticasone floo-TIK-a-sone steroidal nasal anti-inflammatory, nasal corticosteroid
Flovent 9.2 fluticasone floo-TIK-a-sone steroidal nasal anti-inflammatory, nasal corticosteroid
Fosamax 14.10 alendronate a-LEN-droe-nate bone resorption inhibitor
Glucophage 14.17 metformin met-FOR-min antihyperglycemic
Glucotrol 14.17 glipizide GLIP-i-zide antidiabetic
Glucovance 14.17 glyburide-metformin GLYE-byoo-ride met-FOR-min antidiabetic
Glynase 14.17 glyburide GLYE-byoo-ride antidiabetic
Humalog 14.16 insulin lispro IN-su-lin LYE-sproe antidiabetic
Humulin 70/30 14.16 NPH regular insulin NPH REG-u-lar IN-su-lin antidiabetic
Humulin N 14.16 NPH isophane insulin NPH EYE-so-fayn IN-su-lin antidiabetic
Hytrin 11.6, 12.10 terazosin ter-AYE-zoe-sin antihypertensive, benign prostatic hyperplasia therapy agent
Hyzaar 12.10 losartan-hydrochlorothiazide loe-SAR-tan hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive
Imdur 12.6 isosorbide mononitrate eye-soe-SOR-bide mon-oh-NYE-trate antianginal
Imitrex 6.12 sumatriptan soo-ma-TRIP-tan antimigraine agent
Inderal 6.12, 7.9, 12.2, 12.5 propranolol proe-PRAN-oh-lole antiadrenergic, antianginal, antianxiety therapy adjunct, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, antitremor agent, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, myocardial infarction prophylactic, myocardial infarction therapy, neuroleptic-induced akathisia therapy, pheochromocytoma therapy adjunct, thyrotoxicosis therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic
Ismo 12.6 isosorbide mononitrate eye-soe-SOR-bide mon-oh-NYE-trate antianginal
Isoptin 12.2, 12.6, 17.10 verapamil ver-AP-a-mil antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic
Kariva 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–desogestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole des-oh-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, gonadotropin inhibitor
Keflex 4.5 cephalexin sef-a-LEX-in systemic antibacterial
Klonopin 8.1 clonazepam kloe-NA-ze-pam anticonvulsant
Klor-Con Chapter 17 potassium chloride poe-tass-EE-um KLOR-ide antihypokalemic, electrolyte replenisher
Lanoxicaps 12.2, 12.4 digoxin di-JOX-in antiarrhythmic, cardiotonic
Lanoxin 12.2, 12.4, 17.10 digoxin di-JOX-in antiarrhythmic, cardiotonic
Lantus 14.16 insulin glargine IN-su-lin GLARE-jeen antidiabetic
Lasix 11.7 furosemide fur-OH-se-mide antihypercalcemic, antihypertensive, renal disease diagnostic aid adjunct, diuretic
Lescol 12.16 fluvastatin FLOO-va-sta-tin antihyperlipidemic, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor
Levaquin 4.10 levofloxacin lee-voe-FLOX-a-sin systemic antibacterial
Levlen 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Levothroid 14.1 levothyroxine, T4 lee-voe-thye-ROX-een antineoplastic, thyroid function diagnostic aid, thyroid hormone
Lexapro 7.1 escitalopram es-sye-TAL-oh-pram antianxiety agent, antidepressant
Lipitor 12.16 atorvastatin a-TOR-va-sta-tin antihyperlipidemic
Lo/Ovral 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–norgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Loestrin Fe 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–norethindrone ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-eth-IN-drone antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Lopid 12.16 gemfibrozil jem-FI-broe-zil antihyperlipidimic
Lopressor 12.5 metoprolol met-oh-PROE-lole antiadrenergic, antianginal, antianxiety therapy adjunct, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, antitremor agent, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, myocardial infarction therapy, neuroleptic-induced akathisia therapy, pheochromocytoma therapy adjunct, thyrotoxicosis therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic
Lortab 6.9 hydrocodone-acetaminophen hye-droe-KOE-done a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic
Lotensin 12.4 benazepril ben-AYE-ze-pril antihypertensive
Lotrel 12.10 amlodipine-benazepril am-LOE-di-peen ben-AYE-ze-pril antihypertensive
Lotrisone 5.2, 15.3 clotrimazole-betamethasone kloe-TRIM-a-zole bay-ta-METH-a-sone antifungal, corticosteroid
Low-Ogestrel 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–norgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Macrobid 4.2, 11.4 nitrofurantoin nye-troe-fyoor-AN-toyn systemic antibacterial
Macrodantin 4.2, 11.4 nitrofurantoin nye-troe-fyoor-AN-toyn systemic antibacterial
many 11.1 folic acid FOE-lik AS-id diagnostic aid, folate deficiency, nutritional vitamin supplement
Maxzide 11.7 triamterene-hydrochlorothiazide trye-AM-ter-een hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive, antihypokalemic, diuretic
Medrol 9.2, 14.12 methylprednisolone meth-il-pred-NIS-oh-lone steroidal anti-inflammatory, corticoid steroid, immunosuppressant
Metadate 8.9 methylphenidate meth-il-FEN-i-date CNS stimulant, ADHD therapy
Miacalcin 14.10 calcitonin-salmon kal-si-TOE-nin SAM-en bone resorption inhibitor
Micronase 14.17 glyburide GLYE-byoo-ride antidiabetic
Minitran 12.6 nitroglycerin nye-troe-GLI-ser-in antianginal, congestive heart failure vasodilator
Miralax 10.6, 17.8 polyethylene glycol pol-ee-ETH-il-een GLYE-kole hyperosmotic laxative
Mircette 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–desogestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole des-oh-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, gonadotropin inhibitor
Mobic 13.4 meloxicam mel-OX-i-kam antirheumatic (NSAID)
Monopril 12.4 fosinopril foe-SIN-oh-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator
Motrin 13.4 ibuprofen eye-byoo-PROE-fen analgesic
Naprosyn 13.4 naproxen na-PROX-en analgesic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory, antidysmenorrheal, antigout agent, antipyretic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory antirheumatic, vascular headache prophylactic, vascular headache suppressant
Nasacort AQ 9.2, 14.13 triamcinolone trye-am-SIN-oh-lone nasal steroidal anti-inflammatory, nasal corticosteroid
Nasonex 9.2 mometasone furoate moe-MET-a-sone FYOOR-oh-ate nasal steroidal anti-inflammatory, nasal corticosteroid
Neurontin 8.1 gabapentin GA-ba-pen-tin anticonvulsant, antineuralgic
Nexium 10.1 esomeprazole es-oh-ME-pray-zole gastric acid pump inhibitor, antiulcer agent
Niacor 12.16 niacin NYE-a-sin nutritional supplement, vitamin
Nitrolingual 12.6 nitroglycerin nye-troe-GLI-ser-in antianginal, congestive heart failure vasodilator
Nitrostat 12.6 nitroglycerin nye-troe-GLI-ser-in antianginal, congestive heart failure vasodilator
Nordette 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Norvasc 12.6 amlodipine am-LOE-di-peen antihypertensive
Omnicef 4.5 cefdinir sef-DI-neer systemic antibacterial
Ortho-Cept 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–desogestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole des-oh-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, gonadotropin inhibitor
Ortho Evra 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–norelgestromin ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-el-JES-troe-min systemic contraceptive
Ortho Tri-Cyclen 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–norgestimate ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-JES-ti-mate antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–norgestimate ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-JES-ti-mate antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Ovcon 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–norethindrone ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-eth-IN-drone antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Ovral 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–norgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
OxyContin 6.9 oxycodone ox-i-KOE-done analgesic
Patanol 15.10 olopatadine oh-loe-pa-TA-deen ophthalmic antihistaminic, H1 receptor; ophthalmic mast cell stabilizer; ophthalmic antiallergic
Paxil 7.1, 7.9 paroxetine pa-ROX-e-teen antianxiety agent, antidepressant, antiobsessional agent, antipanic agent, posttraumatic stress disorder agent, social anxiety disorder agent
Percocet 6.9 oxycodone-acetaminophen ox-i-KOE-done a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic
Phenaphen With Codeine 6.9 acetaminophen-codeine a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen KOE-deen analgesic
Phenergan 9.10, 10.8 promethazine proe-METH-a-zeen antiemetic; antihistaminic, H1 receptor; antivertigo agent; sedative-hypnotic
Plavix 12.15 clopidogrel kloh-PID-oh-grel antithrombotic, platelet aggregation inhibitor
Plendil 12.6 felodipine fe-LOE-di-peen antianginal, antihypertensive
Pravachol 12.16 pravastatin PRA-va-sta-tin antihyperlipidemic, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor
Premarin 14.5 conjugated estrogen CON-ju-gate-ed ES-troe-jen antineoplastic, systemic estrogen, osteoporosis prophylactic, ovarian hormone therapy agent
Premphase 14.5 conjugated estrogen–medroxyprogesterone CON-ju-gate-ed ES-troe-jen me-DROX-ee-proe-JES-te-rone estrogen-progestin, osteoporosis prophylactic, ovarian hormone therapy agent
Prempro 14.5 conjugated estrogen–medroxyprogesterone CON-ju-gate-ed ES-troe-jen me-DROX-ee-proe-JES-te-rone estrogen-progestin, osteoporosis prophylactic, ovarian hormone therapy agent
Prevacid 10.1 lansoprazole lan-SOE-pra-zole gastric acid pump inhibitor, antiulcer agent
Prilosec 10.1 omeprazole oh-ME-pray-zole gastric acid pump inhibitor, antiulcer agent
Prinivil 12.4 lisinopril lyse-IN-oh-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator
Procardia 12.6 nifedipine nye-FED-i-peen antianginal, antihypertensive
Prometh with Codeine 9.6 promethazine-codeine proe-METH-a-zeen KOE-deen antihistamic, H1 receptor-antitussive
Propecia 11.6 finasteride fin-AS-tur-ide benign prostatic hyperplasia therapy agent, hair growth stimulant
Proscar 11.6 finasteride fin-AS-tur-ide benign prostatic hyperplasia therapy agent, hair growth stimulant
Protonix 10.1 pantoprazole pan-TOE-pray-zole gastric acid pump inhibitor, antiulcer agent
Proventil 9.2 albuterol al-BYOO-ter-ole bronchodilator
Prozac 7.1 fluoxetine floo-OX-e-teen antidepressant, antiobsessional agent, antibulemic agent
Pulmicort 9.2 budesonide byoo-DES-oh-nide antiasthmatic
Remeron 7.5 mirtazapine mir-TAZ-a-peen antidepressant
Restoril 7.10 temazepam tem-AZ-e-pam sedative-hypnotic
Risperdal 7.7 risperidone ris-PER-i-done antipsychotic
Ritalin 8.9 methylphenidate meth-il-FEN-i-date CNS stimulant, ADHD therapy
Sarafem 7.1 fluoxetine floo-OX-e-teen antidepressant, antiobsessional agent, antibulemic agent
Seasonale 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Septra DS 4.2, 10.12, 11.4 sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim sul-fa-meth-OX-a-zole trye-METH-oh-prim systemic antibacterial, antiprotozoal
Seroquel 7.7 quetiapine kwe-TYE-a-peen antipsychotic
Singulair 9.2 montelukast mon-te-LOO-kast antiasthmatic, leukotriene receptor antagonist
Skelaxin 13.1 metaxalone me-TAX-a-lone skeletal muscle relaxant
Soma 13.1 carisoprodol kar-eye-soe-PROE-dole skeletal muscle relaxant
Strattera 8.9 atomoxetine AT-oh-mox-e-teen ADHD therapy agent
Sublimaze 6.2 fentanyl FEN-ta-nil analgesic, anesthesia adjunct
Synthroid 14.1 levothyroxine, T4 lee-voe-thye-ROX-een antineoplastic, thyroid function diagnostic aid, thyroid hormone
Tenormin 12.5 atenolol a-TEN-oh-lole antihypertensive
Timoptic 15.11 timolol TYE-moe-lole ophthalmic antiglaucoma agent
TobraDex 15.10 tobramycin-dexamethasone toe-bra-MYE-sin dex-a-METH-a-sone ophthalmic corticosteroid, ophthalmic steroidal anti-inflammatory, ophthalmic antibacterial
Topamax 7.13, 8.1 topiramate toe-PYRE-a-mate anticonvulsant, antimigraine headache
Toprol 12.5 metoprolol met-oh-PROE-lole antiadrenergic, antianginal, antianxiety therapy adjunct, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, antitremor agent, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, myocardial infarction therapy, neuroleptic-induced akathisia therapy, pheochromocytoma therapy adjunct, thyrotoxicosis therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic
Tricor 12.16 fenofibrate fen-oh-FYE-brate antihyperlipidemic
Tri-Levlen 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Trimox 4.3, 10.3, 11.4 amoxicillin a-mox-i-SIL-in systemic antibacterial
Triphasil 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Trivora-28 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor
Tussionex 9.10 hydrocodone-chlorpheniramine hye-droe-KOE-done klor-fen-EER-a-meen antihistaminic, H1 receptor–antitussive
Tylenol With Codeine 6.9 acetaminophen-codeine a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen KOE-deen analgesic
Tylox 6.9 oxycodone-acetaminophen ox-i-KOE-done a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic
Ultracet 13.4 tramadol-acetaminophen TRA-ma-dole a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic
Ultram 6.12, 13.4 tramadol TRA-ma-dole analgesic
Valium 6.2, 7.9, 7.10 8.1, 13.1 diazepam dye-AZ-e-pam amnestic, antianxiety agent, anticonvulsant, antipanic agent, antitremor agent, sedative-hypnotic, skeletal muscle relaxant adjunct
Valtrex 5.3, 14.11 valacyclovir val-ay-SYE-kloe-veer systemic antiviral
Vasotec 12.4 enalapril e-NAL-a-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator
Veetids 4.3 penicillin V pen-i-SILL-in V systemic antibacterial
Ventolin 9.2 albuterol al-BYOO-ter-ole bronchodilator
Verelan 12.2, 12.6 verapamil ver-AP-a-mil antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic
Viagra 14.4 sildenafil sil-DEN-a-fil systemic impotence therapy agent
Vibramycin 4.7, 10.11, 14.11 doxycycline dox-i-SYE-kleen systemic antibacterial, antiprotozoal
Vicodin 6.9 hydrocodone-acetaminophen hye-droe-KOE-done a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic
Vigamox 4.10, 15.10 moxifloxacin mox-i-FLOX-a-sin ophthalmic antibacterial
Wellbutrin 7.5, 9.13 bupropion byoo-PROE-pee-on antidepressant, smoking cessation adjunct
Xalatan 15.11 latanoprost la-TA-noe-prost antiglaucoma agent, ocular antihypertensive
Xanax 7.9, 7.10 alprazolam al-PRAZ-oh-lam antianxiety agent
Yasmin 14.7 ethinyl estradiol–drospirenone ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole droh-SPYE-re-none systemic contraceptive
Zantac 10.1 ranitidine ra-NI-ti-deen histamine H2–receptor antagonist, antiulcer agent, gastric acid secretion inhibitor
Zestril 12.4 lisinopril lyse-IN-oh-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator
Zetia 12.16 ezetimibe e-ZET-e-mibe antihyperlipidemic
Zithromax 4.8, 14.11, 15.3 azithromycin az-ith-roe-MYE-sin systemic antibacterial
Zocor 12.16 simvastatin SIM-va-sta-tin antihyperlipidemic, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor
Zoloft 7.1 sertraline SER-tra-leen antianxiety agent, antidepressant, antiobsessional agent, antipanic agent, posttraumatic stress disorder therapy agent, premenstrual dysphoric disorder therapy agent
Zyban 7.5, 9.13 bupropion byoo-PROE-pee-on antidepressant, smoking cessation adjunct
Zyloprim 13.6 allopurinol al-oh-PURE-i-nole antigout agent
Zyprexa 7.7 olanzapine oh-LAN-za-peen antipsychotic
Zyrtec 9.10 cetirizine se-TI-ra-zeen antihistaminic, H1 receptor
Zyrtec-D 9.8 cetirizine-pseudoephedrine se-TI-ra-zeen soo-doe-e-FED-rin antihistaminic, H1 receptor–decongestant

SOURCE: Adapted from RxList, The Top 200 Prescriptions for 2003 by Number of U.S. Prescriptions Dispensed: Generic Name (http://www.rxlist.com/top200.htm, accessed 8-24-2004). Category information from the U.S. National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health MedlinePlus Web site (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/, accessed 12-17-2004).

Generic-first listing

Most Commonly Prescribed Drugs

Sorted by Generic Names
Change to Brand-name sorting

Generic Name Pronunciation Category Brand Name Table Reference
acetaminophen-codeine a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen KOE-deen analgesic Phenaphen With Codeine 6.9
acetaminophen-codeine a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen KOE-deen analgesic Tylenol With Codeine 6.9
albuterol al-BYOO-ter-ole bronchodilator Proventil 9.2
albuterol al-BYOO-ter-ole bronchodilator Ventolin 9.2
alendronate a-LEN-droe-nate bone resorption inhibitor Fosamax 14.10
allopurinol al-oh-PURE-i-nole antigout agent Zyloprim 13.6
alprazolam al-PRAZ-oh-lam antianxiety agent Xanax 7.9, 7.10
amitriptyline a-mee-TRIP-ti-leen antidepressant Elavil 7.2
amlodipine am-LOE-di-peen antihypertensive Norvasc 12.6
amlodipine-benazepril am-LOE-di-peen ben-AYE-ze-pril antihypertensive Lotrel 12.10
amoxicillin a-mox-i-SIL-in systemic antibacterial Trimox 4.3, 10.3, 11.4
amoxicillin-clavulanate a-mox-i-SIL-in klav-yoo-LAN-ate systemic antibacterial Augmentin 4.4, 11.4
atenolol a-TEN-oh-lole antihypertensive Tenormin 12.5
atomoxetine AT-oh-mox-e-teen ADHD therapy agent Strattera 8.9
atorvastatin a-TOR-va-sta-tin antihyperlipidemic Lipitor 12.16
azithromycin az-ith-roe-MYE-sin systemic antibacterial Zithromax 4.8, 14.11, 15.3
benazepril ben-AYE-ze-pril antihypertensive Lotensin 12.4
brimonidine bri-MOE-ni-deen antiglaucoma agent Alphagan P 15.11
budesonide byoo-DES-oh-nide antiasthmatic Pulmicort 9.2
bupropion byoo-PROE-pee-on antidepressant, smoking cessation adjunct Wellbutrin 7.5, 9.13
bupropion byoo-PROE-pee-on antidepressant, smoking cessation adjunct Zyban 7.5, 9.13
calcitonin-salmon kal-si-TOE-nin SAM-en bone resorption inhibitor Miacalcin 14.10
candesartan kan-de-SAR-tan antihypertensive Atacand 12.10
carisoprodol kar-eye-soe-PROE-dole skeletal muscle relaxant Soma 13.1
carvedilol KAR-ve-dil-ole antihypertensive Coreg 12.5
cefdinir sef-DI-neer systemic antibacterial Omnicef 4.5
cefprozil sef-PROE-zil systemic antibacterial Cefzil 4.5
celecoxib sel-a-KOX-ib analgesic, antirheumatic NSAID Celebrex 13.4
cephalexin sef-a-LEX-in systemic antibacterial Keflex 4.5
cetirizine se-TI-ra-zeen antihistaminic, H1 receptor Zyrtec 9.10
cetirizine-pseudoephedrine se-TI-ra-zeen soo-doe-e-FED-rin antihistaminic, H1 receptor–decongestant Zyrtec-D 9.8
ciprofloxacin sip-roe-FLOX-a-sin ophthalmic antibacterial Ciloxan 4.10, 15.10
ciprofloxacin sip-roe-FLOX-a-sin systemic antibacterial Cipro 4.10, 9.5, 11.4, 15.10
citalopram sye-TAL-oh-pram antidepressant Celexa 7.1
clarithromycin kla-RITH-roe-mye-sin systemic antibacterial, antimycobacterial Biaxin 4.8, 10.3
clonazepam kloe-NA-ze-pam anticonvulsant Klonopin 8.1
clonidine KLON-i-deen antihypertensive Catapres 8.9, 12.10
clonidine KLON-i-deen antihypertensive Duraclon 12.10
clopidogrel kloh-PID-oh-grel antithrombotic, platelet aggregation inhibitor Plavix 12.15
clotrimazole-betamethasone kloe-TRIM-a-zole bay-ta-METH-a-sone antifungal, corticosteroid Lotrisone 5.2, 15.3
conjugated estrogen CON-ju-gate-ed ES-troe-jen antineoplastic, systemic estrogen, osteoporosis prophylactic, ovarian hormone therapy agent Enjuvia 14.5
conjugated estrogen CON-ju-gate-ed ES-troe-jen antineoplastic, systemic estrogen, osteoporosis prophylactic, ovarian hormone therapy agent Premarin 14.5
conjugated estrogen–medroxyprogesterone CON-ju-gate-ed ES-troe-jen me-DROX-ee-proe-JES-te-rone estrogen-progestin, osteoporosis prophylactic, ovarian hormone therapy agent Premphase 14.5
conjugated estrogen–medroxyprogesterone CON-ju-gate-ed ES-troe-jen me-DROX-ee-proe-JES-te-rone estrogen-progestin, osteoporosis prophylactic, ovarian hormone therapy agent Prempro 14.5
cyclobenzaprine sye-kloe-BEN-za-preen skeletal muscle relaxant Flexeril 13.1
desloratadine des-LOR-at-a-deen antihistaminic, H1 receptor Clarinex 9.10
dextroamphetamine-amphetamine dex-troe-am-FET-a-meen am-FET-a-meen CNS stimulant, ADHD therapy Adderall 8.9
diazepam dye-AZ-e-pam amnestic, antianxiety agent, anticonvulsant, antipanic agent, antitremor agent, sedative-hypnotic, skeletal muscle relaxant adjunct Valium 6.2, 7.9, 7.10 8.1, 13.1
digoxin di-JOX-in antiarrhythmic, cardiotonic Lanoxicaps 12.2, 12.4
digoxin di-JOX-in antiarrhythmic, cardiotonic Lanoxin 12.2, 12.4, 17.10
diltiazem dil-TYE-a-zem antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive Cardizem 12.2, 12.6, 17.10
diltiazem dil-TYE-a-zem antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive Dilacor 12.2, 12.6
divalproex dye-VAL-pro-ex anticonvulsant, antimanic, migraine headache prophylactic Depakote 7.6, 8.1
donepezil don-EH-pa-zil dementia symptoms treatment adjunct Aricept 8.12
doxycycline dox-i-SYE-kleen systemic antibacterial, antiprotozoal Vibramycin 4.7, 10.11, 14.11
enalapril e-NAL-a-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator Vasotec 12.4
escitalopram es-sye-TAL-oh-pram antianxiety agent, antidepressant Lexapro 7.1
esomeprazole es-oh-ME-pray-zole gastric acid pump inhibitor, antiulcer agent Nexium 10.1
ethinyl estradiol–desogestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole des-oh-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, gonadotropin inhibitor Cyclessa 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–desogestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole des-oh-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, gonadotropin inhibitor Desogen 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–desogestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole des-oh-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, gonadotropin inhibitor Kariva 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–desogestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole des-oh-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, gonadotropin inhibitor Mircette 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–desogestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole des-oh-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, gonadotropin inhibitor Ortho-Cept 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–drospirenone ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole droh-SPYE-re-none systemic contraceptive Yasmin 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Levlen 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Nordette 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Seasonale 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Tri-Levlen 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Triphasil 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–levonorgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole LEE-voe-nor-jes-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Trivora-28 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–norelgestromin ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-el-JES-troe-min systemic contraceptive Ortho Evra 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–norethindrone ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-eth-IN-drone antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Estrostep Fe 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–norethindrone ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-eth-IN-drone antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Femhrt 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–norethindrone ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-eth-IN-drone antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Loestrin Fe 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–norethindrone ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-eth-IN-drone antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Ovcon 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–norgestimate ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-JES-ti-mate antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Ortho Tri-Cyclen 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–norgestimate ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-JES-ti-mate antiacne agent, antiendometriotic, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–norgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Lo/Ovral 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–norgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Low-Ogestrel 14.7
ethinyl estradiol–norgestrel ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole nor-JES-trel antiendometriotic, systemic postcoital contraceptive, systemic contraceptive, estrogen progestin, gonadotropin inhibitor Ovral 14.7
ezetimibe e-ZET-e-mibe antihyperlipidemic Zetia 12.16
felodipine fe-LOE-di-peen antianginal, antihypertensive Plendil 12.6
fenofibrate fen-oh-FYE-brate antihyperlipidemic Tricor 12.16
fentanyl FEN-ta-nil analgesic, anesthesia adjunct Actiq 6.2
fentanyl FEN-ta-nil analgesic Duragesic 6.2
fentanyl FEN-ta-nil analgesic, anesthesia adjunct Sublimaze 6.2
fexofenadine fex-o-FEN-a-deen antihistaminic, H1 receptor Allegra 9.10
fexofenadine-pseudoephedrine fex-o-FEN-a-deen soo-doe-e-FED-rin antihistaminic, H1 receptor–decongestant Allegra-D 9.8
finasteride fin-AS-tur-ide benign prostatic hyperplasia therapy agent, hair growth stimulant Propecia 11.6
finasteride fin-AS-tur-ide benign prostatic hyperplasia therapy agent, hair growth stimulant Proscar 11.6
fluconazole floo-KOE-na-zole systemic antifungal Diflucan 5.2, 14.11
fluoxetine floo-OX-e-teen antidepressant, antiobsessional agent, antibulemic agent Prozac 7.1
fluoxetine floo-OX-e-teen antidepressant, antiobsessional agent, antibulemic agent Sarafem 7.1
fluticasone floo-TIK-a-sone steroidal nasal anti-inflammatory, nasal corticosteroid Flonase 9.2
fluticasone floo-TIK-a-sone steroidal nasal anti-inflammatory, nasal corticosteroid Flovent 9.2
fluticasone-salmeterol floo-TIK-a-sone sal-ME-te-role antiasthmatic, inhalation anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator Advair Diskus 9.2
fluvastatin FLOO-va-sta-tin antihyperlipidemic, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor Lescol 12.16
folic acid FOE-lik AS-id diagnostic aid, folate deficiency, nutritional vitamin supplement many 11.1
fosinopril foe-SIN-oh-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator Monopril 12.4
furosemide fur-OH-se-mide antihypercalcemic, antihypertensive, renal disease diagnostic aid adjunct, diuretic Lasix 11.7
gabapentin GA-ba-pen-tin anticonvulsant, antineuralgic Neurontin 8.1
gemfibrozil jem-FI-broe-zil antihyperlipidimic Lopid 12.16
glimepiride GLYE-me-pye-ride antidiabetic Amaryl 14.17
glipizide GLIP-i-zide antidiabetic Glucotrol 14.17
glyburide GLYE-byoo-ride antidiabetic DiaBeta 14.17
glyburide GLYE-byoo-ride antidiabetic Glynase 14.17
glyburide GLYE-byoo-ride antidiabetic Micronase 14.17
glyburide-metformin GLYE-byoo-ride met-FOR-min antidiabetic Glucovance 14.17
hydrochlorothiazide hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive, diuretic, antiurolithic Esidrix 11.7
hydrocodone-acetaminophen hye-droe-KOE-done a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic Lortab 6.9
hydrocodone-acetaminophen hye-droe-KOE-done a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic Vicodin 6.9
hydrocodone-chlorpheniramine hye-droe-KOE-done klor-fen-EER-a-meen antihistaminic, H1 receptor–antitussive Tussionex 9.10
ibuprofen eye-byoo-PROE-fen analgesic Advil 13.4
ibuprofen eye-byoo-PROE-fen analgesic Motrin 13.4
insulin glargine IN-su-lin GLARE-jeen antidiabetic Lantus 14.16
insulin lispro IN-su-lin LYE-sproe antidiabetic Humalog 14.16
ipratropium i-pra-TROE-pee-um antiasmatic Atrovent 9.2
ipratropium-albuterol i-pra-TROE-pee-um al-BYOO-ter-ole antiasmatic- bronchodilator Combivent 9.2
irbesartan ir-be-SAR-tan antihypertensive Avapro 12.10
irbesartan-hydrochlorothiazide ir-be-SAR-tan hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive, diuretic Avalide 12.10
isosorbide mononitrate eye-soe-SOR-bide mon-oh-NYE-trate antianginal Imdur 12.6
isosorbide mononitrate eye-soe-SOR-bide mon-oh-NYE-trate antianginal Ismo 12.6
lansoprazole lan-SOE-pra-zole gastric acid pump inhibitor, antiulcer agent Prevacid 10.1
latanoprost la-TA-noe-prost antiglaucoma agent, ocular antihypertensive Xalatan 15.11
levofloxacin lee-voe-FLOX-a-sin systemic antibacterial Levaquin 4.10
levothyroxine, T4 lee-voe-thye-ROX-een antineoplastic, thyroid function diagnostic aid, thyroid hormone Levothroid 14.1
levothyroxine, T4 lee-voe-thye-ROX-een antineoplastic, thyroid function diagnostic aid, thyroid hormone Synthroid 14.1
lisinopril lyse-IN-oh-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator Prinivil 12.4
lisinopril lyse-IN-oh-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator Zestril 12.4
lorazepam lor-AZ-e-pam amnestic, antianxiety agent, anticonvulsant, antiemetic, antipanic agent, antitremor agent, sedative-hypnotic, skeletal muscle relaxant Ativan 6.2, 7.9, 7.10, 8.1
losartan loe-SAR-tan angiotensin II–receptor antagonist, antihypertensive Cozaar 12.10
losartan-hydrochlorothiazide loe-SAR-tan hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive Hyzaar 12.10
meclizine MEK-li-zeen antiemetic, antivertigo agent Antivert 7.8, 9.10, 10.7
meloxicam mel-OX-i-kam antirheumatic (NSAID) Mobic 13.4
metaxalone me-TAX-a-lone skeletal muscle relaxant Skelaxin 13.1
metformin met-FOR-min antihyperglycemic Glucophage 14.17
methylphenidate meth-il-FEN-i-date CNS stimulant, ADHD therapy Concerta 8.9
methylphenidate meth-il-FEN-i-date CNS stimulant, ADHD therapy Metadate 8.9
methylphenidate meth-il-FEN-i-date CNS stimulant, ADHD therapy Ritalin 8.9
methylprednisolone meth-il-pred-NIS-oh-lone steroidal anti-inflammatory, corticoid steroid, immunosuppressant Medrol 9.2, 14.12
metoprolol met-oh-PROE-lole antiadrenergic, antianginal, antianxiety therapy adjunct, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, antitremor agent, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, myocardial infarction therapy, neuroleptic-induced akathisia therapy, pheochromocytoma therapy adjunct, thyrotoxicosis therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic Lopressor 12.5
metoprolol met-oh-PROE-lole antiadrenergic, antianginal, antianxiety therapy adjunct, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, antitremor agent, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, myocardial infarction therapy, neuroleptic-induced akathisia therapy, pheochromocytoma therapy adjunct, thyrotoxicosis therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic Toprol 12.5
mirtazapine mir-TAZ-a-peen antidepressant Remeron 7.5
mometasone furoate moe-MET-a-sone FYOOR-oh-ate nasal steroidal anti-inflammatory, nasal corticosteroid Nasonex 9.2
montelukast mon-te-LOO-kast antiasthmatic, leukotriene receptor antagonist Singulair 9.2
moxifloxacin mox-i-FLOX-a-sin systemic antibacterial Avelox 4.10
moxifloxacin mox-i-FLOX-a-sin ophthalmic antibacterial Vigamox 4.10, 15.10
mupirocin myoo-PEER-oh-sin topical antibacterial Bactroban 15.4
naproxen na-PROX-en analgesic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory, antidysmenorrheal, antigout agent, antipyretic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory antirheumatic, vascular headache prophylactic, vascular headache suppressant Aleve 13.4
naproxen na-PROX-en analgesic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory, antidysmenorrheal, antigout agent, antipyretic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory antirheumatic, vascular headache prophylactic, vascular headache suppressant Naprosyn 13.4
niacin NYE-a-sin nutritional supplement, vitamin Niacor 12.16
nifedipine nye-FED-i-peen antianginal, antihypertensive Procardia 12.6
nitrofurantoin nye-troe-fyoor-AN-toyn systemic antibacterial Macrobid 4.2, 11.4
nitrofurantoin nye-troe-fyoor-AN-toyn systemic antibacterial Macrodantin 4.2, 11.4
nitroglycerin nye-troe-GLI-ser-in antianginal, congestive heart failure vasodilator Minitran 12.6
nitroglycerin nye-troe-GLI-ser-in antianginal, congestive heart failure vasodilator Nitrolingual 12.6
nitroglycerin nye-troe-GLI-ser-in antianginal, congestive heart failure vasodilator Nitrostat 12.6
NPH isophane insulin NPH EYE-so-fayn IN-su-lin antidiabetic Humulin N 14.16
NPH regular insulin NPH REG-u-lar IN-su-lin antidiabetic Humulin 70/30 14.16
olanzapine oh-LAN-za-peen antipsychotic Zyprexa 7.7
olopatadine oh-loe-pa-TA-deen ophthalmic antihistaminic, H1 receptor; ophthalmic mast cell stabilizer; ophthalmic antiallergic Patanol 15.10
omeprazole oh-ME-pray-zole gastric acid pump inhibitor, antiulcer agent Prilosec 10.1
oxybutynin ox-i-BYOO-ti-nin urinary tract antispasmodic Ditropan 11.3
oxycodone ox-i-KOE-done analgesic OxyContin 6.9
oxycodone-acetaminophen ox-i-KOE-done a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic Endocet 6.9
oxycodone-acetaminophen ox-i-KOE-done a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic Percocet 6.9
oxycodone-acetaminophen ox-i-KOE-done a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic Tylox 6.9
pantoprazole pan-TOE-pray-zole gastric acid pump inhibitor, antiulcer agent Protonix 10.1
paroxetine pa-ROX-e-teen antianxiety agent, antidepressant, antiobsessional agent, antipanic agent, posttraumatic stress disorder agent, social anxiety disorder agent Paxil 7.1, 7.9
penicillin V pen-i-SILL-in V systemic antibacterial Veetids 4.3
phenytoin FEN-i-toyn antiarrhythmic, anticonvulsant, trigeminal neuralgic antineuralgic, skeletal muscle relaxant Dilantin 8.1, 12.2
pimecrolimus pim-e-KROW-li-mus immunomodulator Elidel 15.3
pioglitazone pye-oh-GLI-ta-zone antidiabetic Actos 14.17
polyethylene glycol pol-ee-ETH-il-een GLYE-kole hyperosmotic laxative Miralax 10.6, 17.8
potassium chloride poe-tass-EE-um KLOR-ide antihypokalemic, electrolyte replenisher Klor-Con Chapter 17
pravastatin PRA-va-sta-tin antihyperlipidemic, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor Pravachol 12.16
prednisone PRED-ni-sone steroidal inflammatory, cancer chemotherapy antiemetic, corticosteroid, immunosuppressant Deltasone 9.2, 14.13
promethazine proe-METH-a-zeen antiemetic; antihistaminic, H1 receptor; antivertigo agent; sedative-hypnotic Phenergan 9.10, 10.8
promethazine-codeine proe-METH-a-zeen KOE-deen antihistamic, H1 receptor-antitussive Prometh with Codeine 9.6
propoxyphene-acetaminophen proe-POX-i-feen a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic Darvocet-N 100 6.9
propranolol proe-PRAN-oh-lole antiadrenergic, antianginal, antianxiety therapy adjunct, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, antitremor agent, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, myocardial infarction prophylactic, myocardial infarction therapy, neuroleptic-induced akathisia therapy, pheochromocytoma therapy adjunct, thyrotoxicosis therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic Inderal 6.12, 7.9, 12.2, 12.5
quetiapine kwe-TYE-a-peen antipsychotic Seroquel 7.7
quinapril KWIN-a-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator Accupril 12.4
rabeprazole ra-BE-pray-zole gastric acid pump inhibitor, antiulcer agent Aciphex 10.1
raloxifene ral-OX-i-feen selective estrogen receptor modulator, osteoporosis prophylactic Evista 14.10
ramipril RA-mi-pril antihypertensive, vasodilator Altace 12.4
ranitidine ra-NI-ti-deen histamine H2–receptor antagonist, antiulcer agent, gastric acid secretion inhibitor Zantac 10.1
risedronate ris-ED-roe-nate bone resorption inhibitor Actonel 14.10
risperidone ris-PER-i-done antipsychotic Risperdal 7.7
rosiglitazone ROS-e-glit-a-zone antidiabetic Avandia 14.17
sertraline SER-tra-leen antianxiety agent, antidepressant, antiobsessional agent, antipanic agent, posttraumatic stress disorder therapy agent, premenstrual dysphoric disorder therapy agent Zoloft 7.1
sildenafil sil-DEN-a-fil systemic impotence therapy agent Viagra 14.4
simvastatin SIM-va-sta-tin antihyperlipidemic, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor Zocor 12.16
spironolactone speer-on-oh-LAK-tone aldosterone antagonist, antihypertensive, antihypokalemic, primary hyperaldosteronism diagnostic aid, diuretic Aldactone 11.7
sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim sul-fa-meth-OX-a-zole trye-METH-oh-prim systemic antibacterial, antiprotozoal Bactrim 4.2, 10.12, 11.4
sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim sul-fa-meth-OX-a-zole trye-METH-oh-prim systemic antibacterial, antiprotozoal Cotrim 4.2, 10.12, 11.4
sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim sul-fa-meth-OX-a-zole trye-METH-oh-prim systemic antibacterial, antiprotozoal Septra DS 4.2, 10.12, 11.4
sumatriptan soo-ma-TRIP-tan antimigraine agent Imitrex 6.12
tamsulosin tam-SOO-loh-sin benign prostatic hyperplasia therapy agent Flomax 11.6
temazepam tem-AZ-e-pam sedative-hypnotic Restoril 7.10
terazosin ter-AYE-zoe-sin antihypertensive, benign prostatic hyperplasia therapy agent Hytrin 11.6, 12.10
timolol TYE-moe-lole antiadrenergic, antianginal, antianxiety therapy adjunct, antiarrhythmic, systemic antiglaucoma agent, antihypertensive, antitremor agent, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, myocardial infarction prophylactic, pheochromocytoma therapy adjunct, thyrotoxicosis therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic Blocadren 12.5
timolol TYE-moe-lole ophthalmic antiglaucoma agent Timoptic 15.11
tobramycin-dexamethasone toe-bra-MYE-sin dex-a-METH-a-sone ophthalmic corticosteroid, ophthalmic steroidal anti-inflammatory, ophthalmic antibacterial TobraDex 15.10
tolterodine TOLE-tear-oh-deen urinary bladder antispasmodic Detrol 11.3
topiramate toe-PYRE-a-mate anticonvulsant, antimigraine headache Topamax 7.13, 8.1
tramadol TRA-ma-dole analgesic Ultram 6.12, 13.4
tramadol-acetaminophen TRA-ma-dole a-seat-a-MIN-oh-fen analgesic Ultracet 13.4
trazodone TRAZ-oh-done antidepressant, antineuralgic Desyrel 7.5
triamcinolone trye-am-SIN-oh-lone inhalation anti-inflammatory, antiasthmatic Azmacort 9.2, 14.13
triamcinolone trye-am-SIN-oh-lone nasal steroidal anti-inflammatory, nasal corticosteroid Nasacort AQ 9.2, 14.13
triamterene-hydrochlorothiazide trye-AM-ter-een hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive, antihypokalemic, diuretic Dyazide 11.7
triamterene-hydrochlorothiazide trye-AM-ter-een hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive, antihypokalemic, diuretic Maxzide 11.7
valacyclovir val-ay-SYE-kloe-veer systemic antiviral Valtrex 5.3, 14.11
valdecoxib val-de-KOX-ib nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory antirheumatic, antidysmenorrheal Bextra 13.4
valsartan val-SAR-tan antihypertensive Diovan 12.10
valsartan-hydrochlorothiazide val-SAR-tan hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide antihypertensive Diovan HCT 12.10
venlafaxine ven-la-FAX-een antidepressant, antianxiety agent Effexor 7.1, 7.9
verapamil ver-AP-a-mil antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic Calan 12.2, 12.6
verapamil ver-AP-a-mil antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic Covera HS 12.2, 12.6
verapamil ver-AP-a-mil antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic Isoptin 12.2, 12.6, 17.10
verapamil ver-AP-a-mil antianginal, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy therapy adjunct, vascular headache prophylactic Verelan 12.2, 12.6
warfarin WAR-far-in anticoagulant Coumadin 12.11
zolpidem ZOLE-pi-dem sedative hypnotic Ambien 7.10

SOURCE: Adapted from RxList, The Top 200 Prescriptions for 2003 by Number of U.S. Prescriptions Dispensed: Generic Name (http://www.rxlist.com/top200.htm, accessed 8-24-2004). Category information from the U.S. National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health MedlinePlus Web site (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/, accessed 12-17-2004).



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