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Product_catalog : School : LitLink : Grade06 : The Ugly Duckling
Interactive Literature Selections
The Ugly Duckling

Vocabulary from the Selection
dignified invariable inappropriate
posterity attribute abandonment
tactful cryptic strenuous
inevitable surreptitious pluck
elusive grudge exaggerate
suitor affirm vain
alter ruse imperious
condemn precautionary swoon
homage retire ordeal
nonchalant meditation propound
assume ardent omen
doggedness waft staple

During Reading Strategy
Gather Information

Curtis Brown Ltd. The Ugly Duckling by by A. A. Milne. Copyright 1941 by A. A. Milne, reproduced by permisison of Curtis Brown Ltd., London.

CHARACTERS
The King Dulcibella
The Queen Prince Simon
The Princess Camilla Carlo
The Chancellor1  

(The scene is the Throne Room of the Palace; a room of many doors, or, if preferred, curtain-openings: simply furnished with three thrones for Their Majesties2 and Her Royal Highness3 the PRINCESS CAMILLA—in other words, with three handsome chairs. At each side is a long seat: reserved, as it might be, for His Majesty’s Council (if any), but useful, as today, for other purposes. The king is asleep on his throne with a handkerchief over his face. He is a king of any country from any storybook, in whatever costume you please. But he should be wearing his crown.)

A Voice.  (Announcing) His Excellency4 the Chancellor! (The CHANCELLOR, an elderly man in hornrimmed spectacles, enters, bowing. The KING wakes up with a start and removes the handkerchief from his face.)

King.  (With simple dignity) I was thinking.

Chancellor.  (Bowing) Never, Your Majesty, was greater need for thought than now.

King.  That’s what I was thinking. (He struggles into a more dignified position.) Well, what is it? More trouble?

Chancellor.  What we might call the old trouble, Your Majesty.

King.  It’s what I was saying last night to the Queen. “Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown,”5 was how I put it.

Chancellor.  A profound and original thought, which may well go down to posterity.

King.  You mean it may go down well with posterity. I hope so. Remind me to tell you some time of another little thing I said to Her Majesty: something about a fierce light beating on a throne.6 Posterity would like that, too. Well, what is it?

Chancellor.  It is in the matter of Her Royal Highness’s wedding.

King.  Oh . . . yes.

Guided Reading Question 1
What is the king doing just before the chancellor enters?
Click to answer

Chancellor.  As Your Majesty is aware, the young Prince Simon arrives today to seek Her Royal Highness’s hand in marriage. He has been traveling in distant lands and, as I understand, has not—er—has not—

King.  You mean he hasn’t heard anything.

Chancellor.  It is a little difficult to put this tactfully, Your Majesty.

King.  Do your best, and I will tell you afterwards how you got on.

Guided Reading Question 2
Who is arriving in the kingdom that day? What is the purpose of the visit?
Click to answer

Chancellor.  Let me put it this way. The Prince Simon will naturally assume that Her Royal Highness has the customary—so customary as to be, in my own poor opinion, slightly monotonous—has what one might call the inevitable—so inevitable as to be, in my opinion again, almost mechanical—will assume, that she has the, as I think of it, faultily faultless, icily regular, splendidly—

King.  What you are trying to say in the fewest words possible is that my daughter is not beautiful.

Chancellor.  Her beauty is certainly elusive, Your Majesty.

King.  It is. It has eluded you, it has eluded me, it has eluded everybody who has seen her. It even eluded the Court Painter. His last words were, “Well, I did my best.” His successor is now painting the view across the water-meadows from the West Turret. He says that his doctor has advised him to keep to landscape.

Chancellor.  It is unfortunate, Your Majesty, but there it is. One just cannot understand how it can have occurred.

King.  You don’t think she takes after me, at all? You don’t detect a likeness?

Chancellor.  Most certainly not, Your Majesty.

King.  Good. . . . Your predecessor did.

Chancellor.  I have often wondered what happened to my predecessor.

King.  Well, now you know. (There is a short silence.)

Chancellor.  Looking at the bright side, although Her Royal Highness is not, strictly speaking, beautiful—

King.  Not, truthfully speaking, beautiful—

Chancellor.  Yet she has great beauty of character.

King.  My dear Chancellor, we are not considering Her Royal Highness’s character, but her chances of getting married. You observe that there is a distinction.

Chancellor.  Yes, Your Majesty.

King.  Look at it from the suitor’s point of view. If a girl is beautiful, it is easy to assume that she has, tucked away inside her, an equally beautiful character. But it is impossible to assume that an unattractive girl, however elevated in character, has, tucked away inside her, an equally beautiful face. That is, so to speak, not where you want it—tucked away.

Chancellor.  Quite so, Your Majesty.

King.  This doesn’t, of course, alter the fact that the Princess Camilla is quite the nicest person in the Kingdom.

Chancellor.  (Enthusiastically) She is indeed, Your Majesty. (Hurriedly) With the exception, I need hardly say, of Your Majesty—and Her Majesty.

King.  Your exceptions are tolerated for their loyalty and condemned for their extreme fatuity.7

Chancellor.  Thank you, Your Majesty.

King.  As an adjective for your King, the word “nice” is ill-chosen. As an adjective for Her Majesty, it is—ill-chosen. (At which moment HER MAJESTY comes in. The KING rises. The CHANCELLOR puts himself at right angles.)

Queen.  (Briskly) Ah. Talking about Camilla? (She sits down.)

King.  (Returning to his throne) As always, my dear, you are right.

Queen.  (To CHANCELLOR ) This fellow, Simon—What’s he like?

Chancellor.  Nobody has seen him, Your Majesty.

Queen.  How old is he?

Chancellor.  Five-and-twenty, I understand.

Queen.  In twenty-five years he must have been seen by somebody.

King.  (To the CHANCELLOR ) Just a fleeting glimpse.

Guided Reading Question 3
Why is the chancellor worried?
Click to answer

Chancellor.  I meant, Your Majesty, that no detailed report of him has reached this country, save that he has the usual personal advantages and qualities expected of a Prince, and has been traveling in distant and dangerous lands.

Queen.  Ah! Nothing gone wrong with his eyes? Sunstroke or anything?

Chancellor.  Not that I am aware of, Your Majesty. At the same time, as I was venturing to say to His Majesty, Her Royal Highness’s character and disposition are so outstandingly—

Queen.  Stuff and nonsense. You remember what happened when we had the Tournament of Love last year.

Chancellor.  I was not myself present, Your Majesty. I had not then the honor of—I was abroad, and never heard the full story.

Queen.  No; it was the other fool. They all rode up to Camilla to pay their homage—it was the first time they had seen her. The heralds blew their trumpets, and announced that she would marry whichever Prince was left master of the field when all but one had been unhorsed.8 The trumpets were blown again, they charged enthusiastically into the fight, and—(The KING looks nonchalantly at the ceiling and whistles a few bars.)—don’t do that.

Guided Reading Question 4
What do people know about the prince?
Click to answer

King.  I’m sorry, my dear.

Queen.  (To CHANCELLOR ) And what happened? They all simultaneously fell off their horses and assumed a posture of defeat.

King.  One of them was not quite so quick as the others. I was very quick. I proclaimed him the victor.

Queen.  At the Feast of Betrothal9 held that night—

King.  We were all very quick.

Queen.  The Chancellor announced that by the laws of the country the successful suitor had to pass a further test. He had to give the correct answer to a riddle.

Chancellor.  Such undoubtedly is the fact, Your Majesty.

King.  There are times for announcing facts, and times for looking at things in a broad-minded way. Please remember that, Chancellor.

Chancellor.  Yes, Your Majesty.

Queen.  I invented the riddle myself. Quite an easy one. What is it which has four legs and barks like a dog? The answer is, “A dog.”

King.  (To CHANCELLOR) You see that?

Chancellor.  Yes, Your Majesty.

King.  It isn’t difficult.

Queen.  He, however, seemed to find it so. He said an eagle. Then he said a serpent; a very high mountain with slippery sides; two peacocks; a moonlight night; the day after tomorrow—

King.  Nobody could accuse him of not trying.

Queen I did.

King.  I should have said that nobody could fail to recognize in his attitude an appearance of doggedness.

Queen.  Finally he said “Death.” I nudged the King—

King.  Accepting the word “nudge” for the moment, I rubbed my ankle with one hand, clapped him on the shoulder with the other, and congratulated him on the correct answer. He disappeared under the table, and, personally, I never saw him again.

Queen.  His body was found in the moat10 next morning.

Chancellor.  But what was he doing in the moat, Your Majesty?

King.  Bobbing about. Try not to ask needless questions.

Chancellor.  It all seems so strange.

Queen.  What does?

Chancellor.  That Her Royal Highness, alone of all the Princesses one has ever heard of, should lack that invariable attribute of Royalty, supreme beauty.

Queen.  (To the KING) That was your Great-Aunt Malkin. She came to the christening. You know what she said.

King.  It was cryptic. Great-Aunt Malkin’s besetting weakness. She came to my christening—she was one hundred and one then, and that was fifty-one years ago. (To CHANCELLOR) How old would that make her?

Chancellor.  One hundred and fifty-two, Your Majesty.

King.  (After thought) About that, yes. She promised me that when I grew up I should have all the happiness which my wife deserved. It struck me at the time—well, when I say “at the time,” I was only a week old—but it did strike me as soon as anything could strike me—I mean of that nature—well, work it out for yourself, Chancellor. It opens up a most interesting field of speculation. Though naturally I have not liked to go into it at all deeply with Her Majesty.

Queen.  I never heard anything less cryptic. She was wishing you extreme happiness.

King.  I don’t think she was wishing me anything. However.

Chancellor.  (To the QUEEN) But what, Your Majesty, did she wish Her Royal Highness?

Queen.  Her other godmother—on my side—had promised her the dazzling beauty for which all the women in my family are famous—(She pauses, and the KING snaps his fingers surreptitiously in the direction of the chancellor.)

Chancellor.  (Hurriedly) Indeed, yes, Your Majesty. (The KING relaxes.)

Queen.  And Great-Aunt Malkin said—(To the KING)—what were the words?

King.  I give you with this kiss
A wedding-day surprise.
Where ignorance is bliss
’Tis folly to be wise.
I thought the last two lines rather neat. But what it meant

Guided Reading Question 5
What was the purpose of the Tournament of Love? What happened at the Tournament of Love?
Click to answer

Queen.  We can all see what it meant. She was given beauty—and where is it? Great-Aunt Malkin took it away from her. The wedding-day surprise is that there will never be a wedding day.

King.  Young men being what they are, my dear, it would be much more surprising if there were a wedding day. So how— (The PRINCESS comes in. She is young, happy, healthy, but not beautiful. Or let us say that by some trick of make-up or arrangement of hair she seems plain to us: unlike the PRINCESS of the storybooks.)

Princess.  (To the KING) Hallo, darling! (Seeing the others) Oh, I say! Affairs of state? Sorry.

King.  (Holding out his hand) Don’t go, Camilla. (She takes his hand.)

Chancellor.  Shall I withdraw, Your Majesty?

Queen.  You are aware, Camilla, that Prince Simon arrives today?

Guided Reading Question 6
What does the queen believe is Camilla’s “wedding-day surprise”?
Click to answer

Princess.  He has arrived. They’re just letting down the drawbridge.

King.  (Jumping up) Arrived! I must—

Princess.  Darling, you know what the drawbridge is like. It takes at least half an hour to let it down.

King.  (Sitting down) It wants oil. (To the CHANCELLOR) Have you been grudging it oil?

Princess.  It wants a new drawbridge, darling.

Chancellor.  Have I Your Majesty’s permission—

King.  Yes, yes. (The CHANCELLOR bows and goes out.)

Queen.  You’ve told him, of course? It’s the only chance.

King.  Er—no. I was just going to, when—

Queen.  Then I’d better. (She goes to the door.) You can explain to the girl; I’ll have her sent to you. You’ve told Camilla?

King.  Er—no. I was just going to, when—

Queen.  Then you’d better tell her now.

King.  My dear, are you sure—

Queen.  It’s the only chance left. (Dramatically to heaven) My daughter! (She goes out. There is a little silence when she is gone.)

Guided Reading Question 7
Who has arrived? How does the king react to this news?
Click to answer

King.  Camilla, I want to talk seriously to you about marriage.

Princess.  Yes, father.

King.  It is time that you learnt some of the facts of life.

Princess.  Yes, father.

King.  Now the great fact about marriage is that once you’re married you live happy ever after. All our history books affirm this.

Princess.  And your own experience too, darling.

King.  (With dignity) Let us confine ourselves to history for the moment.

Princess.  Yes, father.

King.  Of course, there may be an exception here and there, which, as it were, proves the rule; just as—oh, well, never mind.

Princess.  (Smiling) Go on, darling. You were going to say that an exception here and there proves the rule that all princesses are beautiful.

King.  Well—leave that for the moment. The point is that it doesn’t matter how you marry, or who you marry, as long as you get married. Because you’ll be happy ever after in any case. Do you follow me so far?

Princess.  Yes, father.

King.  Well, your mother and I have a little plan—

Princess.  Was that it, going out of the door just now?

King.  Er—yes. It concerns your waitingmaid.11

Princess.  Darling, I have several.

King.  Only one that leaps to the eye, so to speak. The one with the—well, with everything.

Princess.  Dulcibella?

Guided Reading Question 8
About what does the king want to have a serious talk?
Click to answer

King.  That’s the one. It is our little plan that at the first meeting she should pass herself off as the Princess—a harmless ruse, of which you will find frequent record in the history books—and allure Prince Simon to his—that is to say, bring him up to the—in other words, the wedding will take place immediately afterwards, and as quietly as possible—well, naturally in view of the fact that your Aunt Malkin is one hundred and fifty-two; and since you will be wearing the family bridal veil—which is no doubt how the custom arose—the surprise after the ceremony will be his. Are you following me at all? Your attention seems to be wandering.

Princess.  I was wondering why you needed to tell me.

King.  Just a precautionary measure, in case you happened to meet the Prince or his attendant before the ceremony; in which case, of course, you would pass yourself off as the maid—

Princess.  A harmless ruse, of which, also, you will find frequent record in the history books.

King.  Exactly. But the occasion need not arise.

A Voice.  (Announcing) The woman Dulcibella!

King.  Ah! (To the PRINCESS) Now, Camilla, if you will just retire to your own apartments, I will come to you there when we are ready for the actual ceremony. (He leads her out as he is talking; and as he returns calls out.) Come in, my dear! (DULCIBELLA comes in. She is beautiful, but dumb.) Now don’t be frightened, there is nothing to be frightened about. Has Her Majesty told you what you have to do?

Dulcibella.  Y-yes, Your Majesty.

Guided Reading Question 9
Who is Dulcibella?
Click to answer

Guided Reading Question 10
What is the plan of the king and queen?
Click to answer

King.  Well now, let’s see how well you can do it. You are sitting here, we will say. (He leads her to a seat.) Now imagine that I am Prince Simon. (He curls his moustache and puts his stomach in. She giggles.) You are the beautiful Princess Camilla whom he has never seen. (She giggles again.) This is a serious moment in your life, and you will find that a giggle will not be helpful. (He goes to the door.) I am announced: “His Royal Highness Prince Simon!” That’s me being announced. Remember what I said about giggling. You should have a far-away look upon the face. (She does her best.) Farther away than that. (She tries again.) No, that’s too far. You are sitting there, thinking beautiful thoughts—in maiden meditation, fancy-free, as I remember saying to Her Majesty once . . . speaking of somebody else . . . fancy-free, but with the mouth definitely shut—that’s better. I advance and fall upon one knee. (He does so.) You extend your hand graciously—graciously; you’re not trying to push him in the face—that’s better, and I raise it to my lips—so—and I kiss it—(He kisses it warmly.)—no, perhaps not so ardently as that, more like this (He kisses it again.), and I say, “Your Royal Highness, this is the most—er—Your Royal Highness, I shall ever be—no—Your Royal Highness, it is the proudest—” Well, the point is that he will say it, and it will be something complimentary, and then he will take your hand in both of his, and press it to his heart. (He does so.) And then—what do you say?

Dulcibella.  Coo!

King.  No, not Coo.

Dulcibella.  Never had anyone do that to me before.

King.  That also strikes the wrong note. What you want to say is, “Oh, Prince Simon!” . . . Say it.

Dulcibella.  (Loudly) Oh, Prince Simon!

King.  No, no. You don’t need to shout until he has said “What?” two or three times. Always consider the possibility that he isn’t deaf. Softly, and giving the words a dying fall, letting them play around his head like a flight of doves.

Dulcibella.  (Still a little overloud) O-o-o-o-h, Prinsimon!

King.  Keep the idea in your mind of a flight of doves rather than a flight of panic-stricken elephants, and you will be all right. Now I’m going to get up and you must, as it were, waft me into a seat by your side. (She starts wafting.) Not rescuing a drowning man, that’s another idea altogether, useful at times, but at the moment inappropriate. Wafting. Prince Simon will put the necessary muscles into play—all you require to do is to indicate by a gracious movement of the hand the seat you require him to take. Now! (He gets up, a little stiffly, and sits next to her.) That was better. Well, here we are. Now, I think you give me a look: something, let us say, half-way between a worshipful attitude and wild abandonment, with an undertone of regal dignity, touched, as it were, with good comradeship. Now try that. (She gives him a vacant look of bewilderment.) Frankly, that didn’t quite get it. There was just a little something missing. An absence, as it were, of all the qualities I asked for, and in their place an odd resemblance to an unsatisfied fish. Let us try to get at it another way. Dulcibella, have you a young man of your own?

Guided Reading Question 11
What does the king ask Dulcibella to pretend?
Click to answer

Dulcibella.  (Eagerly, seizing his hand) Oo, yes, he’s ever so smart, he’s an archer, well not as you might say a real archer, he works in the armory, but old Bottlenose, you know who I mean, the Captain of the Guard, says the very next man they ever has to shoot, my Eg shall take his place, knowing Father and how it is with Eg and me, and me being maid to Her Royal Highness and can’t marry me till he’s a real soldier, but ever so loving, and funny like, the things he says, I said to him once, “Eg,” I said—

King.  (Getting up) I rather fancy, Dulcibella, that if you think of Eg all the time, say as little as possible, and, when thinking of Eg, see that the mouth is not more than partially open, you will do very well. I will show you where you are to sit and wait for His Royal Highness. (He leads her out. On the way he is saying) Now remember—waft—waft—not hoick.12 (PRINCE SIMON wanders in from the back unannounced. He is a very ordinary-looking young man in rather dusty clothes. He gives a deep sigh of relief as he sinks into the king’s throne. . . . CAMILLA, a new and strangely beautiful CAMILLA, comes in.)

Princess.  (Surprised) Well!

Prince.  Oh, hallo!

Princess.  Ought you?

Prince.  (Getting up) Do sit down, won’t you?

Princess.  Who are you, and how did you get here?

Prince.  Well, that’s rather a long story. Couldn’t we sit down? You could sit here if you liked, but it isn’t very comfortable.

Princess.  That is the King’s Throne.

Prince.  Oh, is that what it is?

Princess.  Thrones are not meant to be comfortable.

Prince.  Well, I don’t know if they’re meant to be, but they certainly aren’t.

Princess.  Why were you sitting on the King’s Throne, and who are you?

Prince.  My name is Carlo.

Princess.  Mine is Dulcibella.

Guided Reading Question 12
Who is Eg?
Click to answer

 

 

Guided Reading Question 13
What does Prince Simon look like?
Click to answer

Prince.  Good. And now couldn’t we sit down?

Princess.  (Sitting down on the long seat to the left of the throne, and, as it were, wafting him to a place next to her) You may sit here, if you like. Why are you so tired? (He sits down.)

Prince.  I’ve been taking very strenuous exercise.

Princess.  Is that part of the long story?

Prince.  It is.

Princess.  (Settling herself) I love stories.

Prince.  This isn’t a story really. You see, I’m attendant on Prince Simon who is visiting here.

Princess.  Oh? I’m attendant on Her Royal Highness.

Prince.  Then you know what he’s here for.

Princess.  Yes.

Prince.  She’s very beautiful, I hear.

Guided Reading Question 14
How do the prince and the princess introduce themselves to each other?
Click to answer

Princess.  Did you hear that? Where have you been lately?

Prince.  Traveling in distant lands—with Prince Simon.

Princess.  Ah! All the same, I don’t understand. Is Prince Simon in the Palace
now? The drawbridge can’t be down yet!

Prince.  I don’t suppose it is. And what a noise it makes coming down!

Princess.  Isn’t it terrible?

Prince.  I couldn’t stand it any more. I just had to get away. That’s why I’m here.

Princess.  But how?

Prince.  Well, there’s only one way, isn’t there? That beech tree, and then a swing and a grab for the battlements, and don’t ask me to remember it all—(He shudders.)

Princess.  You mean you came across the moat by that beech tree?

Guided Reading Question 15
What has the prince heard about the princess?
Click to answer

Prince.  Yes. I got so tired of hanging about.

Princess.  But it’s terribly dangerous!

Prince.  That’s why I’m so exhausted. Nervous shock. (He lies back and breathes loudly.)

Princess.  Of course, it’s different for me.

Prince.  (Sitting up) Say that again. I must have got it wrong.

Princess.  It’s different for me, because I’m used to it. Besides, I’m so much lighter.

Prince.  You don’t mean that you

Princess.  Oh yes, often.

Prince.  And I thought I was a brave man! At least, I didn’t until five minutes ago, and now I don’t again.

Princess.  Oh, but you are! And I think it’s wonderful to do it straight off the first time.

Prince.  Well, you did.

Princess.  Oh no, not the first time. When I was a child.

Prince.  You mean that you crashed?

Princess.  Well, you only fall into the moat.

Prince.  Only! Can you swim?

Princess.  Of course.

Prince.  So you swam to the castle walls, and yelled for help, and they fished you out and walloped you. And next day you tried again. Well, if that isn’t pluck

Guided Reading Question 16
How was the prince able to get to the palace even though the drawbridge was not yet down?
Click to answer

Princess.  Of course I didn’t. I swam back, and did it at once; I mean I tried again at once. It wasn’t until the third time that I actually did it. You see, I was afraid I might lose my nerve.

Prince.  Afraid she might lose her nerve!

Princess.  There’s a way of getting over from this side, too; a tree grows out from the wall and you jump into another tree—I don’t think it’s quite so easy.

Prince.  Not quite so easy. Good. You must show me.

Princess.  Oh, I will.

Prince.  Perhaps it might be as well if you taught me how to swim first. I’ve often heard about swimming but never—

Princess.  You can’t swim?

Prince.  No. Don’t look so surprised. There are a lot of other things which I can’t do. I’ll tell you about them as soon as you have a couple of years to spare.

Princess.  You can’t swim and yet you crossed by the beech tree! And you’re ever so much heavier than I am! Now who’s brave?

Prince.  (Getting up) You keep talking about how light you are. I must see if there’s anything to it. Stand up! (She stands obediently and he picks her up.) You’re right, Dulcibella. I could hold you here forever. (Looking at her) You’re very lovely. Do you know how lovely you are?

Guided Reading Question 17
Why did the princess fall into the moat once? How did she get out? How does the prince react to this story?
Click to answer

Princess. Yes. (She laughs suddenly and happily.)

Prince. Why do you laugh?

Princess. Aren’t you tired of holding me?

Prince.  Frankly, yes. I exaggerated when I said I could hold you forever. When you’ve been hanging by the arms for ten minutes over a very deep moat, wondering if it’s too late to learn how to swim—(He puts her down.)—what I meant was that I should like to hold you forever. Why did you laugh?

Princess. Oh, well, it was a little private joke of mine.

Prince.  If it comes to that, I’ve got a private joke too. Let’s exchange them.

Princess.  Mine’s very private. One other woman in the whole world knows, and that’s all.

Prince.  Mine’s just as private. One other man knows, and that’s all.

Princess .  What fun. I love secrets.
. . . Well, here’s mine. When I was born, one of my godmothers promised that I should be very beautiful.

Prince.  How right she was.

Princess.  But the other one said this:

I give you with this kiss
A wedding-day surprise.
Where ignorance is bliss ’Tis folly to be wise.

And nobody knew what it meant. And I grew up very plain. And then, when I was about ten, I met my godmother in the forest one day. It was my tenth birthday. Nobody knows this—except you.

Prince. Except us.

Princess.  Except us. And she told me what her gift meant. It meant that I was beautiful—but everybody else was to go on being ignorant, and thinking me plain, until my wedding day. Because, she said, she didn’t want me to grow up spoiled and willful and vain, as I should have done if everybody had always been saying how beautiful I was; and the best thing in the world, she said, was to be quite sure of yourself, but not to expect admiration from other people. So ever since then my mirror has told me I’m beautiful, and everybody else thinks me ugly, and I get a lot of fun out of it.

Guided Reading Question 18
What compliment does the prince pay the princess?
Click to answer

Prince.  Well, seeing that Dulcibella is the result, I can only say that your godmother was very, very wise.

Princess.  And now tell me your secret.

Prince.  It isn’t such a pretty one. You see, Prince Simon was going to woo Princess Camilla, and he’d heard that she was beautiful and haughty and imperious—all you would have been if your godmother hadn’t been so wise. And being a very ordinary-looking fellow himself, he was afraid she wouldn’t think much of him, so he suggested to one of his attendants, a man called Carlo, of extremely attractive appearance, that he should pretend to be the Prince, and win the Princess’s hand; and then at the last moment they would change places—

Guided Reading Question 19
What does the godmother’s gift mean? When did the princess find out what it meant?
Click to answer

Princess.  How would they do that?

Prince.  The Prince was going to have been married in full armor—with his visor13 down.

Princess.  (Laughing happily) Oh, what fun!

Prince.  Neat, isn’t it?

Princess.  (Laughing) Oh, very . . . very
. . . very.

Prince.  Neat, but not so terribly funny. Why do you keep laughing?

Princess.  Well, that’s another secret.

Prince.  If it comes to that, I’ve got another one up my sleeve. Shall we exchange again?

Princess.  All right. You go first this time.

Prince.  Very well. . . . I am not Carlo. (Standing up and speaking dramatically) I am Simon!—ow! (He sits down and rubs his leg violently.)

Guided Reading Question 20
What secret does the prince first share with the princess?
Click to answer

Princess.  (Alarmed) What is it?

Prince.  Cramp. (ln a mild voice, still rubbing) I was saying that I was Prince Simon.

Princess.  Shall I rub it for you? (She rubs.)

Prince.  (Still hopefully) I am Simon.

Princess.  Is that better?

Prince.  (Despairingly) I am Simon.

Princess.  I know.

Prince.  How did you know?

Princess.  Well, you told me.

Prince.  But oughtn’t you to swoon or something?

Princess.  Why? History records many similar ruses.

Prince.  (Amazed) Is that so? I’ve never read history. I thought I was being profoundly original.

Princess.  Oh, no! Now I’ll tell you my secret. For reasons very much like your own, the Princess Camilla, who is held to be extremely plain, feared to meet Prince Simon. Is the drawbridge down yet?

Prince.  Do your people give a faint, surprised cheer every time it gets down?

Princess.  Naturally.

Prince.  Then it came down about three minutes ago.

Princess.  Ah! Then at this very moment your man Carlo is declaring his passionate love for my maid, Dulcibella. That, I think, is funny. (So does the PRINCE. He laughs heartily.) Dulcibella, by the way, is in love with a man she calls Eg, so I hope Carlo isn’t getting carried away.

Prince.  Carlo is married to a girl he calls “the little woman,’’ so Eg has nothing to fear.

Princess.  By the way, I don’t know if you heard, but I said, or as good as said, that I am the Princess Camilla.

Prince.  I wasn’t surprised. History, of which I read a great deal, records many similar ruses.

Princess.  (Laughing) Simon!

Prince.  (Laughing) Camilla! (He stands up.) May I try holding you again? (She nods. He takes her in his arms and kisses her.) Sweetheart!

Princess.  You see, when you lifted me up before, you said, “You’re very lovely,” and my godmother said that the first person to whom I would seem lovely was the man I should marry; so I knew then that you were Simon and I should marry you.

Guided Reading Question 21
What is the second secret the prince shares?
Click to answer

Prince.  I knew directly I saw you that I should marry you, even if you were Dulcibella. By the way, which of you am I marrying?

Princess.  When she lifts her veil, it will be Camilla. (Voices are heard outside.) Until then it will be Dulcibella.

Prince.  (In a whisper) Then good-bye, Camilla, until you lift your veil.

Princess.  Good-bye, Simon, until you raise your visor. (The KING and QUEEN come in arm-in-arm, followed by CARLO and DULCIBELLA also arm-in-arm. The CHANCELLOR precedes them, walking backwards, at a loyal angle.)

Prince.  (Supporting the chancellor as an accident seems inevitable) Careful! (The chancellor turns indignantly round.)

King.  Who and what is this? More accurately who and what are all these?

Carlo.  My attendant, Carlo, Your Majesty. He will, with Your Majesty’s permission, prepare me for the ceremony. (The PRINCE bows.)

King.  Of course, of course!

Queen.  (To DULCIBELLA) Your maid, Dulcibella, is it not, my love? (DULCIBELLA nods violently.) I thought so. (To CARLO) She will prepare Her Royal Highness. (The princess curtsies.)

King.  Ah, yes. Yes. Most important.

Princess.  (Curtsying) I beg pardon, Your Majesty, if I’ve done wrong, but I found the gentleman wandering—

King.  (Crossing to her) Quite right, my dear, quite right. (He pinches her cheek, and takes advantage of this kingly gesture to say in a loud whisper) We’ve pulled it off! (They sit down; the KING and QUEEN on their thrones, DULCIBELLA on the princess’s throne. CARLO stands behind DULCIBELLA, the CHANCELLOR on the right of the QUEEN, and the PRINCEand PRINCESS behind the long seat on the left.)

Chancellor. (Consulting documents) H’r’m! Have I Your Majesty’s authority to put the final test to His Royal Highness?

Queen.  (Whispering to king) Is this safe?

King.  (Whispering) Perfectly, my dear. I told him the answer a minute ago. (Over his shoulder to CARLO) Don’t forget, Dog. (Aloud) Proceed, Your Excellency. It is my desire that the affairs of my country should ever be conducted in a strictly constitutional manner.

Guided Reading Question 22
When did the princess realize on her own that Carlo was Simon? Why did she realize this?
Click to answer

Chancellor.  (Oratorically) By the constitution of the country, a suitor to Her Royal Highness’s hand cannot be deemed successful until he has given the correct answer to a riddle. (Conversationally) The last suitor answered incorrectly, and thus failed to win his bride.

King.  By a coincidence he fell into the moat.

Chancellor.  (To CARLO) I have now to ask Your Royal Highness if you are prepared for the ordeal?

Carlo.  (Cheerfully) Absolutely.

Chancellor.  I may mention, as a matter, possibly, of some slight historical interest to our visitor, that by the constitution of the country the same riddle is not allowed to be asked on two successive occasions.

King.  (Startled) What’s that?

Chancellor.  This one, it is interesting to recall, was propounded exactly a century ago, and we must take it as a fortunate omen that it was well and truly solved.

King.  (To QUEEN) I may want my sword directly.

Chancellor.  The riddle is this. What is it which has four legs and mews like a cat?

Carlo.  (Promptly) A dog.

King.  (Still more promptly) Bravo, bravo! (He claps loudly and nudges the QUEEN, who claps too.)

Chancellor.  (Peering at his documents) According to the records of the occasion to which I referred, the correct answer would seem to be—

Princess.  (To PRINCE) Say something, quick!

Chancellor.  —not dog, but—

Prince.  Your Majesty, have I permission to speak? Naturally His Royal Highness could not think of justifying himself on such an occasion, but I think that with Your Majesty’s gracious permission, I could—

King.  Certainly, certainly.

Prince.  In our country, we have an animal to which we have given the name “dog,” or, in the local dialect of the more mountainous districts, “doggie.” It sits by the fireside and purrs.

Guided Reading Question 23
What is the prince’s final test? Why is the king not worried about the prince passing the test?
Click to answer

Carlo.  That’s right. It purrs like anything.

Prince.  When it needs milk, which is its staple food, it mews.

Carlo.  (Enthusiastically) Mews like nobody’s business.

Prince.  It also has four legs.

Carlo.  One at each corner.

Prince.  In some countries, I understand, this animal is called a “cat.” In one distant country to which His Royal Highness and I penetrated, it was called by the very curious name of “hippopotamus.’’

Carlo.  That’s right. (To the PRINCE) Do you remember that ginger-colored hippopotamus which used to climb on to my shoulder and lick my ear?

Prince.  I shall never forget it, sir. (To the KING) So you see, Your Majesty—

King.  Thank you. I think that makes it perfectly clear. (Firmly to the chancellor) You are about to agree?

Chancellor.  Undoubtedly, Your Majesty. May I be the first to congratulate His Royal Highness on solving the riddle so accurately?

King.  You may be the first to see that all is in order for an immediate wedding.

Chancellor.  Thank you, Your Majesty. (He bows and withdraws. The KING rises, as do the QUEEN and DULCIBELLA.)

King.  (To CARLO) Doubtless, Prince Simon, you will wish to retire and prepare yourself for the ceremony.

Carlo.  Thank you, sir.

Prince.  Have I Your Majesty’s permission to attend His Royal Highness? It is the custom of his country for Princes of the royal blood to be married in full armor, a matter which requires a certain adjustment—

King.  Of course, of course. (CARLO bows to the KING and QUEEN and goes out. As the PRINCE is about to follow, the KING stops him.) Young man, you have a quality of quickness which I admire. It is my pleasure to reward it in any way which commends itself to you.

Guided Reading Question 24
What was the correct answer to the question? How does the prince try to correct the situation?
Click to answer

Prince.  Your Majesty is ever gracious. May I ask for my reward after the ceremony? (He catches the eye of the PRINCESS, and they give each other a secret smile.)

King.  Certainly. (The PRINCE bows and goes out. To DULCIBELLA) Now, young woman, make yourself scarce. You’ve done your work excellently, and we will see that you and your—what was his name?

Dulcibella.  Eg, Your Majesty.

King.  —that you and your Eg are not forgotten.

Dulcibella.  Coo! (She curtsies and goes out.)

Princess.  (Calling) Wait for me, Dulcibella!

King.  (To QUEEN) Well, my dear, we may congratulate ourselves. As I remember saying to somebody once, “You have not lost a daughter, you have gained a son.” How does he strike you?

Queen.  Stupid.

Guided Reading Question 25
What does the king admire about the prince?
Click to answer

King.  They made a very handsome pair, I thought, he and Dulcibella.

Queen.  Both stupid.

King.  I said nothing about stupidity. What I said was that they were both extremely handsome. That is the important thing. (Struck by a sudden idea) Or isn’t it?

Queen.  What do you think of Prince Simon, Camilla?

Princess.  I adore him. We shall be so happy together.

King.  Well, of course you will. I told you so. Happy ever after.

Queen. Run along now and get ready.

Princess.  Yes, mother. (She throws a kiss to them and goes out.)

Guided Reading Question 26
What does the queen think about Carlo, who she believes will be marrying her daughter?
Click to answer

King.  (Anxiously) My dear, have we been wrong about Camilla all this time? It seemed to me that she wasn’t looking quite so plain as usual just now. Did you notice anything?

Queen.  (Carelessly) Just the excitement of the marriage.

King.  (Relieved) Ah, yes, that would account for it.

Guided Reading Question 27
What does the king notice about his daughter on her wedding day? What does the queen say is the reason for the change in Camilla?
Click to answer

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